Fire extinguishing systems

Design and triggering mechanism of a sprinkler fire extinguishing system

The fire sprinkler system consists of water supply, pumps, water control valves and a pipe network with sprinklers attached to specific locations on the pipes. The systems can use water from a special water container or the main water supply system for the building. The sprinklers are mounted at special locations on the pipes, under roofs/ceilings, under shelves, in furnaces and other places. The sprinkler heads include a special glass balloon, which is calibrated to blow up when reaching an exact temperature (most often at 68°C), after which water is sprinkled from that particular sprinkler onto everything in the nearby area. It is important to note, that water is released only from the triggered sprinkler, not from all sprinklers of the system.